Exploring Types of pallet racking for you

With warehouse space costing the moon, pallet racking systems offer the best means of optimizing space utilization without sacrificing convenience. Pallet racking comes in different types and it is not a case of one size fits all. Therefore, it is essential to understand the options you have before deciding on what is best suited for your needs. Let us examine the different types and explore their advantages/disadvantages so that you can make informed decisions.
Colby Racking from Dandenong says, Before we explore the details, one should consider some of the important factors that will influence your decision of setting up new warehouse:-Your budget for an appropriate racking solution

  • The floor space available in your warehouse
  • The height of the ceilings
  • Size and type of pallets used by you
  • Number of SKUs to be stored in the racks
  • Frequency at which you have to access the pallets
  • Shelf life of the product and the movement pattern you would use, like First in First out (FIFO)or Last in First Out (LIFO)
  • Number of pallets you have to store
  • Type of forklift trucks employed for accessing the racks. Lift height of the truck

Once you have collated the answers to the above question, you are better prepared to explore types of pallet racking that answer your needs.

Floor Stacking

This is a very basic method in pallet storage wherein pallets sit on the floor in rows. The rows can occupy the entire depth of the warehouse taking into consideration your accessibility needs. If the pallets can support the load, they can also be stacked one upon the other. However, in such a case, you are typically using the LIFO system of stock movement.
The advantages of the system are that you are not required to invest in any equipment and you get a high storage density. However, the disadvantages include poor access to the pallets and significant amount of floor space being consumed

Selective pallet racking

Different type of pallets This is the most common pallet racking in use today. Selective racks use uprights and cross beams for creating a “shelf” to store the pallets. Typically, you can create multiple levels in each bay if the height of the warehouse permits. Generally, a bay is one pallet deep though it could be possible to create two-deep systems.
This is a relatively cost-effective storage solution compared to storage solutions that are denser. It will facilitate access to all your pallets and you can operate on LIFO or FIFO basis. However, since you will provide aisles between the rack rows, storage density is lower compared to other options.

Drive through/Drive-in pallet racking

2 man on forklift Fork trucks can drive straight into a bay when you use the drive-in pallet racking. The face of the bays remains open since the pallets will rest on the sides of the rails than the cross beams. Typically, the uprights are tied together on the top adding rigidity to the system. The difference between a drive-through and drive-in systems is the availability of an entrance at both ends or a single entrance. When you have an entrance both ends, the drive-through system is more desirable.
Commonly this type of racking accommodates 6 to 8 pallets in each bay (depth). Forklifts elevate the load to an appropriate level and load the pallet at the rear end of the system first. The second pallet gets into the second position from the rear and continues till one lane is full. Drive-in racks necessarily operate on LIFO basis while the drive-through racks work on FIFO basis and are ideal for storing large volumes of pallets with same/similar products.
With this system, you can get a high storage density and lesser cost compared to a flow rack system. However, with the forklift trucks driving the system, the racks are susceptible to frequent damage. Further, the accessibility may be poor for all pallets.

Pallet Flow Racks

This system typically uses cross beams and uprights supporting a gravity roller conveyor housed within the rack. The rollers are slightly pitched allowing the pallets to naturally flow towards the front end of the system. As you unload a pallet from the front end of the system the pallet behind moves forward, to occupy the exit position. Like the drive-in racks, this system is ideal for storing large quantities of pallets of identical product. This system works on FIFO basis. This type of racks allows high storage density and you can store 20 plus pallets along the depth. There is no need to drive into the racking system though accessibility to all pallets is not optimal. Another disadvantage with this option is the higher investment needed compared to other options you have.

Cantilever Racking

Predominantly cantilever racking is employed for storing long products such as steel rods, long timber logs, plastic piping etc. This type of racking has a series of columns with protruding arms designed for the product specifically. Cantilever racking is custom made to address your exacting requirements and is a measure to optimize the storage space you get.

Narrow Aisle Racking

This is a type of selective racking with significantly narrower aisles compared to selective racking. Warehouses operating on man-up or man-down lift trucks generally find this type of racking beneficial since the lift trucks can move comfortably through the narrow aisles. Narrow Aisle racking also allows you to optimize space utilization and allow you to use every inch of vertical space you have.

Carton Flow Racking

cardboard box This type of racking employs a bed of rollers usually installed in selective racking with double entry. A series of rollers are housed in the bed designed for efficient and easy movement of the stock. Businesses that need a stock to be loaded, picked and sorted manually by warehouse employees will find this type of racking beneficial. Customizing every aspect of the roller trays will further optimize space utilisation and stock movement.

Heavy duty racking

Businesses that need storing of heavy-duty items will find this type of racking advantageous. A wide load can also be accommodated in this type of racking and an example of the load is large chunks of steel.

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How Melbourne maxi taxi can compete with private hire vans

Taxi hire space across the globe is going through a metamorphosis of sorts. The new kid on the block is the hailing taxi applications that have taken root in many cities and a major factor that makes them tick is customer satisfaction. There is no denying the fact that some of these services did experience sporadic instances of bad behaviour by their drivers and in many nations, the companies running these app-based taxi hailing services have been hauled up by the law enforcement agencies.

Yellow taxi and man holding white paper Traditionally, taxi operations are pretty much a business focusing on local customers such as travellers arriving at airports, train stations or other means of intercity and intracity transport. In bigger cities, people also hire taxis for getting around on various errands and no one ever thought of taxi hire as an organized business with an international flavour. Uber was among the first to dig into this massive space and quickly spread its wings far and wide. The success of Uber saw competition hotting up pretty fast and soon they had some competition to reckon with in many parts of the world. But, that notwithstanding, Uber has continued its journey on a healthy growth trajectory.

For the traditional taxi business in Victoria and elsewhere, the app-based taxi hailing services came as a bolt from the blue and many of them were unprepared for the sea change that these taxi aggregators or app-based taxi hailing services made to the market. In most markets where these services were introduced, customers started pouring in and suddenly these services came to be defined as a standard for taxi services.

Ashish Rekhi, owner of Melbourne’s biggest and top-rated maxi cab company, Taxi Maxi says “In some markets, for long, customers were literally taken for a ride and now with customers beginning to experience what a taxi service should be, it is pretty much difficult to ask customers to forego the desirable experience that they have started enjoying. The reason customers love our service than competitors is that we take serious introspection to enhance customer satisfaction levels.”

Systemic issues

animated black taxi Customer experience with traditional taxis in Australia and elsewhere has also been impacted by systemic issues. In Australia, for instance, taxi licensing comes at a hefty price and obviously, this gets factored into what the customer pays for the service. The App based taxi hailing services appear to have succeeded in short-circuiting this regulatory requirement significantly influencing their pricing. Thankfully, the Victorian government appears to have acknowledged the anomaly and measures are underway to mitigate the pain.

Regulatory measures

Taxi logoHistorically, taxi licenses in Australia had all the trappings of an investment such as in the stock markets or bullion markets. But, with the arrival of the App based taxi hailing services, the price of these licenses have been falling like the proverbial nine pins dealing a body blow to the license holders. The sooner the Government addresses this issue, the better it would be for the Australian taxi industry in general.

Pricing conflicts

Suddenly, we have jumped into an era where the customer is flooded with options. And, when many of these options are offering not just improved services, but also cheaper prices and more comfortable vehicles, taxis that struggle to keep fit and drivers who tend to forget that they are not the masters only add to the overflowing cup of woes that the taxi industry is experiencing.

Customer focused orientation

The taxi industry is at the crossroads, not only in Australia but also in many cities around the world. They need to reinvent the wheel to stay in the race. For long, customers have suffered from late reporting, missed flights, unclean vehicles, improper behaviour from drivers, no-shows after accepting a booking, and the list of woes customers faced can perhaps go on endlessly. Time has arrived now for the taxi industry to take stock, get into the shoes of the customer and understand how they can gain lost ground.


The last two decades have brought a sea of changes in the way we live. The internet, in particular, has impacted millions of lives through some have suffered negative impact too. For instance, two decades you could never imagine a successful business without a handful of secretaries and typewriters. While computers have taken over the role of typewriters, secretaries are fast disappearing because most jobs handled by them are handled by the bosses, perhaps, more efficiently too! We simply cannot wish away these changes, particularly when the changes themselves are for the better. Therefore, traditional taxis around the world, including Australia need to learn the art of converting threats into opportunities. No government can ever force a customer to hire a particular service. Governments create environments in which citizens get the facilities they need to make life more convenient and easy. But, when technology brings more relief to people, government initiatives take to the back seat. If taxis are not hired by passengers, there is little that the government can do to force them. In other parts of the world, people are already finding ways to compete with the App based taxi hailing services and some of them are already tasting success. The need of the hour is to realign the thinking and focus on a paradigm shift in attitudes. Services for which a customer is paying cannot be pushed down his throat. Service providers must endear themselves to the customer.


The Australian taxi industry in general and maxi taxis like Taxi Maxi should receive considerable attention from the regulators. One factor that will work in favour of the taxi industry is the softening of fuel prices in the past couple of years. If we go by the current global predictions the trend is likely to remain stable or even move further down. An upward move in fuel prices in the international market appears to be a distant cry, at least for now. The government, on its part also appears to be seriously concerned about the plight of the taxi industry and one would expect favourable decisions emerging sooner than later.

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bar graph with increment arrow

Victorian Small Business Owner?? Outsource your bookkeeping services

Setting up a small business and nurturing it into a healthy business is fraught with several challenges. Most businesses comprise of multiple disciplines like finance, marketing, inventory management, stores, logistics and so forth. It is unlikely that the small business owners have adequate expertise in all disciplines through the success of the business itself will be guided by the level of efficiency in all the relevant disciplines.

computer screen with pie and bar graph Financial management is among the core functions of any business and proper bookkeeping is essential for the business owner as also to meet the statutory stipulations applicable in your state. Outsourcing bookkeeping from local companies, such as BAS Group in Victoria, is a great idea for small business owners since it puts that bit of extra time on their hands to focus on activities that can enhance revenues for the business through networking, meetings and by establishing a relationship with customers. This is particularly so when the business owner is not conversant with the nuances of bookkeeping and he is always dependent on someone more competent and qualified to do the job.

Outsource bookkeeping with the help of the digital world

World MapThe digital world has impacted our lives in more ways than one, and outsourcing work is a major benefit that we have from the digital world today. The seamless character of the digital world also makes it convenient to find competent professionals who are either close to your physical location or distanced by several thousand miles. If you devote a few hours of quality time researching the task of outsourcing your bookkeeping, you will be amazed at the options that are thrown at you.

There are also several freelancers offering expert services and you can carefully examine the individual profiles to determine suitable candidates before establishing contact with them. Cost is always a prime consideration for small business owners and freelancers often tend to be significantly more competitive compared to established businesses. It is important however that you have the ability to employ the additional time gained from outsourcing into other aspects of your business to enhance your revenues.

Advantages of bookkeeping for Australian small business owners

The bookkeeping function of your business is critical for several reasons. Your taxes and payroll need to be perfect and potential mistakes can be fraught with serious repercussions for your business. Improper filing, omission and mistakes in your tax returns can also attract penalties. Conversely, when bookkeeping is outsourced, the professional take charge and he/she is responsible to ensure that everything is maintained correctly and comply with the regulations in force.

Multitasking is fine, but…

Multitasking is fine but only when you are at home with what it takes to carry out all those tasks perfectly. You may execute 5 different tasks on a given day or month and 4 of them are perfect but one has gaping holes. Imagine the pain that the single task that was not properly done can inflict on your business. In such a situation, you have no one other than yourself to blame for the consequences. Therefore, multitasking can be good enough on a given day, and not as a routine. Each one of us has our own areas of expertise and focusing on that expertise is the best way to set up and nurture your small business

Some people simply do not comprehend the numbers

Lawrence is an exceptional computer hardware engineer and can rip open the most complex computers and bring them back to prime health within a reasonable time. He is also an expert in locating the trouble points and mending them efficiently. But, when it comes to taxes, collecting bills, following up with clients or filing returns, he is less than a novice. Imagine the additional time as well as the peace of mind he gets by outsourcing his bookkeeping. You don’t drive a car if you are not trained behind the wheels and in the world of business, bookkeeping also needs to be handled by someone who is qualified, competent and trained to handle the task. There are no exceptions to this.

Ability to hire competent people only for the amount of work you have

A constraint that operates while hiring employees for your business is that you do not have adequate work for the employee, during the early days of your business. Maybe, your growth trajectory is good and you are expecting a constant increase in workload. But, that also leaves the potential hazard of having to pay someone for no work also because things do not happen as planned.

Once again, you can turn to the digital world for help with hiring people by the hour. If your bookkeeping work can be accomplished in under 10 hours a month, you have the ability to hire a person for just that amount of work. In other words, you need not hire a full-time bookkeeper and pay him for as many as 28 days with no work!

What happens when the workload increases?

When you bring in more revenue from your business, it is obvious that your bookkeeping work also grows in tandem. Check if the person you hired for the 10 hours a month job can stretch and cater to your growing needs. If not, you can transition to another individual who has more time at his/her disposal and provides the same quality of work.

Is there a downside to outsourcing?

Honestly, outsourcing is not without its downside. Your outsourced worker may suddenly disappear although that is a distant possibility. If that happens, you could potentially be put to serious trouble and you may have to take time out from other productive functions of your business and get your bookkeeping back in order. Another aspect you should bear in mind is that most covenants that apply to a regular employee may not apply to an outsourced worker. But, then your outsourced worker is also running a small business of his own, and therefore these are only distant possibilities.

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Tips For Choosing an architect for Victorian homes

The first step to being the owner of your dream home is finding the right architect who will design your home. This exercise can apply in equal measure when you are renovating an old home too. Your initial search will focus on the type of work the architect does, their usual place of work and neighbourhoods they are comfortable with, their table of fees and how well you can deal with him/her.

All architects do not design homes

Hand made house plan

All Victorian architects do not take up residential projects. But, there are building designers who will possibly be willing to do the design part of your home. But, they only give you the design and does not take responsibility in execution or other related activities.

If you are in a hurry

If you are in a hurry and want to find your architect quickly to get your project underway, you have a relatively easy approach. However, this does not mean that you will find the best architect from the nearest storefront or mall. You still have some focused work to do.

Drive around the neighbourhood where you plan to build your dream home. Purvey some of the beautiful homes from outside. Zero down to some of the homes you like most. Now, physically call on these homes and see if you can connect with the architect who built that home. Always remember to shower praises about how well the home has been designed so that the owner/occupier is enthused to help you. Generally, this exercise should consume the good part of at least two days. Yes, you are not zipping past the neighbourhoods. You need to critically study the homes. But, at the end of the exercise, you are armed with at least some reliable architects to set the ball rolling. For instance, DX Architects, they are well known for professional architectural practice renowned for its creative design work in residential and commercial architecture. Set up an appointment with all the names you have got to broaden the effort.

After you find your architect

After you have identified one or more architects to interview and decide, the following are the top questions for which you must get an answer:-

  • What professional qualifications do the architect have
  • What are his/her specialities?
  • Is she/he keen to accept your project and available
  • Does your project match the scale of the Architect?
  • Is he/she personally suited to you and your project?
  • Can the architect offer any references?
  • Is he/she comfortable with the local language and dialect?
  • Can the architect offer all services required


How other quotes compare

Now that we have a starting point, let us understand how architects calculate the fees

fees letter on wooden stand

This is a major part of your exercise. Generally, the fee charged by an architect will be governed by his/her reputation, demand, and experience. The charges for each item of service can be significantly different from one architect to the other and will also be impacted by the level of engagement they have with your project. An architect’s service can start with providing basic design to arranging permits, to costing building materials and builders, technical documentation, landscape design, contract administration and specifications for individual fittings and fixtures, project management and other peripheral services. The more involvement you expect from the architect, the bigger will be your bill.

Generally, architects will adopt any one or a combination of the following methods in pricing their services.

Fixed fee

If the project briefing is very clear and well documented, some architects may agree to work with you on a fixed fee for the entire project. In spite of this, you should expect small additions at the end of the project. But, this method is a good insurance against spiralling costs and related uncertainties.

Percentage fee

Some architects charge a percentage of the overall expenses incurred in the project or the pre-determined budget. The exact percentage will vary depending on a host of factors and the norm is that a higher percentage is charged for smaller projects.

Hourly rates

Though the absence of a fixed budget may be challenging, in some situations, it could be better for the architect as well as the client. However, this calls for meticulous record keeping through a mutually accepted system. An advantage of this system is that you pay only for the work that is delivered. However, the architect may lack the motivation to get beyond the fee that he is charging.

More help to find your architect

You can explore some of the other methods to find the architect of your choice. These include:-

Consultants directory

This is an excellent resource point offered by the digital world. This website allows you to search for architects by region. However, the site lists only those who are members of the AIA and every practising architect need not be a member. But the advantage with an architect who is a member of AIA is that he/she has undergone CPD or Continuing Professional Development and that helps them with latest updates on technologies, regulations and other related matters.
Other websites and magazines – You can scour several websites to find profiles of different architects and features of work undertaken by them. This exercise can also enhance your knowledge on what you should expect from your architect.

Local flavour

blue roof house

if you are keen on finding an architect in the same neighbourhood you plan to build your new home, you can use Google search and narrow down the search to specific regions. Affordable home architects Sydney or affordable home architects Perth etc.
Another important aspect of finding an architect to build your dream home is getting a firsthand feel of past work executed by the architect you choose to work with. Once you take care of all the aspects discussed above and create a healthy working relationship with your architect, you should be walking into your dream home without any hassles.

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